How do contraceptive pills work?
There are three main types of oral contraceptives on the market. These are combined progestin-only and emergency pills. Before choosing one of the mentioned contraceptives, you will need to consult your doctor. Remember, a medical specialist will give you the best advice about contraceptives.
The combined hormonal contraception
These products mainly consist of two active ingredients. These ingredients are synthetic substitutes of progesterone and oestrogen. The main course of action is inhibiting the ovulation processes. As a result, it prevents the free movement of spermatozoids, suppresses ovulation, alters the consistency of cervical mucus.
The progestin-only pills
The mini-pill contains the only progestogen. That’s why a lot of medical experts recommend it to women who suffer from estrogen intolerance. This product thickens cervical mucus and alters the lining of the womb. Therefore, these products interfere with the implantation of the embryo and prevent fertilization.
The emergency pills
Emergency tablets are the most effective methods in terms of speed and, of course, emergency. You need to take the dosage in 72 hours (Levonelle) or 120 hours (ellaOne) after sex. They delay releasing an egg and suppress ovulation.
Are contraceptive pills effective?
Less than 1 woman out of 100 get pregnant on the tablet. Nevertheless, there might be problems with any type of contraception. That’s why no contraceptive company can give you 100% guarantee from avoiding pregnancy. Moreover, the 99% guarantee can happen in case of ideal use.
That’s why a typical use case may be different from statistics. Still, you need to remember that if you do everything right, you will not get pregnant. The pill is extremely effective and every medical specialist will confirm that. Nevertheless, it does not mean that these contraceptives are perfect, but they give you the most benefits if you use them right.
Moreover, in the case of your day-to-day life, daily oral contraceptives give you the best protection. It’s especially true compared to other options.
Why do the oral contraceptive pills fail?
To put it simply, oral contraceptives fail when you do not take them the right way. For instance, you have missed a dose, taken it with wrong medicines or liquids or not at the same time. All these factors will negatively influence the effectiveness of contraceptive pills.
Moreover, if you suffer diarrhea or vomiting, you may also let your contraceptive down. If you vomit within three hours from taking the dose, you need to take another pill. Sickness, diarrhea, vomiting will decrease or even eliminate the effectiveness of the medecine.
At the same time, not all women follow simple instructions for taking the product. For instance, almost all medical specialists recommend starting taking pills on the first day of periods. It’s the best way to ensure that you are not pregnant. In addition, the regular daily contraceptives need some time for activation. That’s why you should wait for at least 7 days for the product’s activation.
If you forget to take the dose of oral contraceptives on time, then you need to take the missed dose as soon as possible. In addition, in case of the missed pill, you may need to wait 7 more days for the product to restore its protective functions.
What about a pregnancy test? Will it work on the pill?
If you think that you are pregnant on the pill, it’s better to take a pregnancy test. It measures totally different hormones, so you will find out the news at once. Pregnancy tests measure human chorionic gonadotropin that will work even if you use the product.
Will hormonal contraceptives harm a baby?
If you get pregnant on the pills, then you should expect no harm to the fetus. You will need to consult with your doctor regarding pregnancy. Remember, oral contraceptives do not work as a method of abortion.
How can you be sure that oral contraceptives work?
If you take the pill according to the instructions – you will have a 99% chance of avoiding pregnancy. The best thing you can do is to take the pill every day at the same time. It’s a way to ensure your protection.
Contraceptive pills will work if you follow simple rules:
- Read the instructions in the patients’ leaflet for your oral pills and follow them
- Ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice
- Find a family clinic near you to discuss the problem
- Call the ambulance in case of rising any alarming issues.